How much nicotine is in an E-Cigarette and what is the perfect Nicotine level to help smokers quit smoking?
When inhaled, nicotine causes or maintains addiction but, contrary to popular belief, it is not toxic at these standard dosage amounts, with the possible exception of pregnant and lactating women.
Nicotine is not carcinogenic. Cardio-vascular risk is very low in healthy people.
Some users have nicotine addiction which is why they smoke electronic cigarettes, but it has also been shown that these products are less addictive than combustible cigarettes. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes have also been shown to be less addictive than nicotine chewing gum (nicotine replacement), which itself is not very addictive. But some models provide a lot of nicotine and can be more addictive.
Some studies suggest that vaping helps to stop smoking. A very recent study has shown that vapers are much more likely to permanently quit smoking tobacco and make a successful quit attempt than regular cigarette smokers who do not use e-cigs.
All e-liquids do not contain nicotine.
Choosing A Nicotine Level
Smokers who take steps to reduce their smoking or stopping with e-cigarettes often want to limit withdrawal symptoms and maintain the sensations they feel when they inhale nicotine (“hit” or get tangled in their throats).
A satisfying nicotine dose is determined by several factors:
- The degree of dependence: your brain acts as a thermostat that controls your inhalation to permanently maintain a certain level of nicotine in the blood.
- The concentration of nicotine in the liquid
- The chemical composition of the liquid (nicotine in the form of salts or in free form)
- The way to vape (numbers of puffs more or less long, deep, and spaced)
- The choice of flavors of the e-liquid (because a good flavor encourages more vaping)
- The power of the cigarette (watts)
- The resistance of the filament (ohm)
- The concentration of nicotine in the liquid
If the concentration of the liquid or the power of the vaporizer is too low, the Hit (scratchy in the throat) is absent or weak, the vaper will have the impression to inhale nothing; symptoms of nicotine withdrawal may occur if the user does not compensate by inhaling more (especially mood disorders and craving) and it will not be satisfactory to stop smoking or reduce smoking.
If the hit is too powerful, it is not optimal either because the user is going to cough, his throat will be irritated.
We must find the right balance and the right mix. In general, the vaper will quickly learn how to manage their consumption and regulate their vaping according to their cravings, satisfaction, and withdrawal symptoms.
In fact, smokers unconsciously dose the nicotine they absorb. When the level of nicotine reaches a sufficient level in the blood, the brain of the smoker indicates it to him and the smoker suspends its consumption. The opposite is true, and the smoker will compulsively light a cigarette as soon as the need for nicotine is felt.
* Phenomenon of changing the way you smoke to get the same concentration of nicotine in your blood
Most of the time, e-liquid dosing choices are offered to the vaper for liquids with nicotine in free form:
- Nicotine free
- Very low nicotine dosage: 3 mg / ml
- Low Nicotine: 6 mg / ml
- Nicotine average: 12 mg / ml
- Strong Nicotine: 18-20 mg / ml
- Very strong Nicotine: 21 mg/ml and more
For liquids with nicotine in the form of salts, the concentration of nicotine is higher, for example, 50 mg/ml for the JUUL, but it allows to consume much less liquid.
In addition to filling a gap and an addiction, the right dosage of nicotine will have a direct impact on the success of using an electronic cigarette to stop smoking or reduce smoking!
In general, it is recommended to Vape with a liquid as concentrated as possible, in order to reduce its liquid consumption and therefore its exposure to inhalants.
We do not present a table comparing the number of cigarettes smoked per day, the number of mg of nicotine supplied per cigarette (as written on the package) and the number of mg / mL in the liquid. This would not make sense because the number of cigarettes is weakly correlated with the blood levels of nicotine, moreover, the value on the cigarette packets is established by smoking machines don the settings do not correspond to the real behavior smokers
If you are a beginner, it is best to visit a brick-and-mortar shop where you will benefit from dealer advice and the opportunity to test equipment and taste liquids, rather than order online.
Nicotine Absorption Rates
The number and volume of puffs, the interval between sessions, the depth of inhalation, and the duration of apnea after inhalation, and the location where the vapor is deposited (in the bronchi or pulmonary alveoli) determine the amount of nicotine absorbed.
When nicotine is absorbed into the mouth, throat or bronchi, it slowly passes into the venous blood. By depositing in the pulmonary alveoli, however, the droplets allow a faster passage of nicotine into the arterial blood: the activation of the reward system, the rapid release of dopamine in the brain, and the associated sensation of pleasure are therefore more important.
The speed at which the relief of lack intervenes is decisive. The quality of the wanted hit also counts enormously. Its power depends on the nicotine content of the e-liquid and the density of the vapor – the more important they are, the stronger the desired hit.
With an e-liquid under-dosed in relation to your needs, the vaper will tend to pull his electronic cigarette more often to obtain his dose within the time and with the sensations to which he is accustomed. Alternately, the vape experience may not be satisfying and the vaper may return to cigarettes. Prolonging a successful transition from smoking.
Electronic Cigarette Power
You are not going to have the same vape hit strength depending on the type of your e-cigarette.
For each atomizer there is a suitable nicotine level dosage. As a general rule, the more recent the model is, and the higher the power, the higher the hit. However, you should consider that you will have an adequate dose of nicotine with the dense vapor of a 10-watt model with 18 mg of nicotine more easily than with a very powerful 100 W atomizer with 3 mg! You have to find the happy medium.
To calculate the power (P) of the e-cigarette (measured in watts) you must know the voltage (V) of the battery (measured in volts) and the resistance (R) of the atomizer (measured in ohms):
P = V2 / R
(Battery power = square / resistance voltage)
For example, if you use an atomizer with a resistance of 3.2 ohms and a battery of 6 volts, the power is 11.25 watts.
P = 6 x 6 / 3.2 = 11.25 watts
The equipment evolving all the time, a lot of products work today on average with a power of 20 W.
You will quickly learn how to manage your consumption and adjust your vaping according to your cravings.
There is an inverse relationship between concentration and quantity consumed. Do not lower the nicotine concentration too much, for example, with liquids at 3 or 6 mg / mL, the concentration is too low and you are unnecessarily exposing yourself to inhaled substances. Beware of sellers who advise you that these concentrations are too low because their goal is to sell you more liquid.
Do not try too much to reduce the concentration of your liquids after a few months of vaping, because your brain will correct by leading you to inhale more to compensate, and to keep the constant nicotine rate you need to avoid suffering the lack.
Some models of e-cigarettes are equipped with a voltage meter. Be careful, however, that the power of your e-cigarette is not too high. The excessive heat of the filament can cause pyrolysis and change the chemical composition of the vapor, creating new potentially toxic compounds.
We recommend that you visit a vape shop (physical store) for your first purchase. The seller can provide you with details about the actual performance of the chosen e-cigarette. He can advise you on the right dosage of nicotine depending on the type of smoker you are and the various parameters mentioned here.
Effect of Temperature on E-Liquid Flavor
The temperature of the atomizer where the resistance is located can significantly change the taste and flavor of the vapor for the same e-liquid.
The voltage of the battery and the resistance of the atomizer determine the power of the apparatus and consequently the speed of production of the vapor, its temperature, its quantity, and its density.
Sophisticated vapers generally prefer warmer vapors, which increase the hit and enhance flavors. They combine then atomizers and batteries according to their needs.
Over time, the filament or braid of the atomizer becomes coated with deposits and loses its effectiveness. For optimal use and good vapor quality, wash the wicks with clean water and change resistance regularly (usually every two to three weeks).
Smoking with E-Cigarette Case Study
The testimonials of e-cigarettes are concordant: the e-cigarette helps them reduce their smoking or quit smoking. Several experimental and observational studies have highlighted it. A recent study (2017) 5 found that vapers were much more likely to permanently quit smoking tobacco and make a successful quit attempt than regular cigarette smokers who do not use e-cigarettes.
At first, the settings between dosing, vaping frequency, and hardware appear complicated. Very quickly, the vapor will find his comfort zone. It is important from the outset not to under-dose the nicotine e-liquid.
The physical symptoms that are related to nicotine overdose are headache, nausea, dizziness. The symptoms of under-dosing are the same as those experienced during smoking cessation (especially mood and craving, increased appetite, poor concentration, insomnia, impatience, irritability, anxiety depression).
Many vapers want to reduce the nicotine concentration of their e-liquid after a while. However, it is important to understand that the brain of nicotine-dependent people functions as a thermostat that maintains a constant temperature in a room. Your brain needs a certain amount of nicotine to work well. If the dose decreases, then unpleasant withdrawal symptoms occur. Vapers that reduce the concentration of nicotine in their e-liquid eventually inhale more vapor, consume more fluid, and expose themselves unnecessarily to inhaled vapors. Ultimately their nicotine levels in the blood remain the same. Better to use a liquid with a high concentration of nicotine that allows to inhale less.